Swamp Coolers vs Air Conditioners – Which one is Best for you!

portable evaporative air cooler

If you are living in a climate where you can see a number of hot days every year, you may want to invest in a gadget that will help lower the temperature inside your home.  Basically, it’s depending on the area where you live, the climate of that area, and last but not the least your needs, you may find that one system of cooling your home works better than another. There are two basic cooling gadgets to help lower the temperature and make your home more congenial.

Firstly, evaporative coolers, which also known as swamp coolers and secondly air conditioners. One, as well as the other, will cool your home but in very unique ways.

Pros of Swamp cooler

-Suitable for dry climates

-Enumerate moisture to dry air

-Energy economical


-Lower CO2 emission

-Low-cost installation

-Effortless to install window or direct air units

-Required nominal maintenance

-Allows for open doors and windows

-Peaceful operation

Cons of Swamp coolers

-Not suitable for humid areas

-Does not lower temperature as much as AC

-Needs regular water source

-Requires daily, monthly, and yearly maintenance

Pros of Air conditioner

-Chills air in humid areas

-Useful for any climate

-Abolish moisture from the air

-Effortless to install window units

-Precise temperature control

-No require daily or monthly maintenance


Cons of Air conditioner

-Not applicable for very dry areas

-May dehydrated the air to a troublesome degree

-Used such chemicals which emit CO2 emissions

-Expensive maintenance

-Higher-cost to operate

-Greater energy usage

-Recirculated air

-Needed proper cleaning

-Useful in enclosed space


Cooling Method

Standard Air Conditioner units work by passing air over a set of coils filled with a refrigerant like Freon (a trade name for a variety of chemical blends), which heats and cools as it’s flattened and enlarged. The air is chilled by the coils, sent into your home, and then re-circulated over and over through the device, venting hot air precipitated in the process to the outside. It’s a closed process, leaving a door or window open will allocate the cool air to abscond and makes the air conditioner work tremendously to supply cold air. Air conditioners give you more accurate control over the temperature in your house and can lower the temperature to a greater degree. They’re also flawless for areas with higher humidity levels, as they lower humidity during cooling the air.

Swamp coolers work by passing air over a wet pad. The water in the pad evaporates into the air, cooling the air and adding some moisture, or humidity, at the same time. The water needs to be watchfully controlled and uninterruptedly added to the swamp cooler to fortify that the cooler is working properly. A swamp cooler is not a perfect option for those places which contains a lot of moisture in the air.

Moisture Level

Swamp coolers use a simple cooling technology to insert moisture into the air, cooling your office or house through desiccation. This appended moisture can keep your skin and eyes from drying out. A swamp cooler would not be the best gadget to run in those areas with high humidity levels, as it will increase these levels even more, which could lead to difficulty, with mold or mildew growth. Air conditioner works in an opposite way. Traditional air conditioners abolish moisture from the air. In an area with high humidity level, air conditioning can make the home cozier by drying it out slightly. In areas of low humidity, an air conditioner may make the air too dry, which could be causing problems with your eyes or skin.

Air Quality

Air conditioning can make the home cozier in an area with high humidity level. If you want to compare evaporative cooling vs air conditioning without taking living location into consideration, evaporative coolers offer better air quality. With evaporative cooling, doors and windows don’t need to be closed when they are running and air inside the room is not recirculated, so it’s fresher.

Also, swamp coolers won’t dry out the air, on the contrary, they put moisture into the air and which indicates that they won’t dehydrate your skin and eyes. Air conditioning gadgets do often dry out skin and eyes as long as they remove moisture from the air.

If you suffer from allergies then you should definitely consider a swamp cooler over air conditioning, as the process used in evaporative cooling may stimulate hardly any allergy symptoms. Also, those who suffer from asthma may find that swamp coolers help them to feel greater too.


If you want an eco-friendly cooling system, you’ll find that swamp coolers work without emitting as much CO2 as air conditioners.  Since some traditional air conditioning units emit a particular level of carbon dioxide, swamp coolers emit a much lower level of CO2. Evaporative swamp coolers also use slighter energy, which not only keeps costs down but also better for the environment. If you’re considering about the noise pollution, then an evaporative cooler also has you covered. In view of the fact that a swamp cooler uses only water to cool the air, while an air conditioning unit uses a refrigerant or cooling chemical. As the chemicals in the AC unit convert to liquid or gas, they give off greenhouse gasses, including CO2 emissions, which are defective for the environment and the air you take to breathe.


Air conditioners are in need of yearly maintenance, which may cover cleaning, changing the filter, and charging the chemicals. This maintenance costs around $70 to $100 yearly. Nevertheless, they have more parts that can fail, which may cost between $250 to $2,000 in yearly repairs, making them more exorbitant to maintain overall.

Swamp coolers necessitate daily, monthly, and yearly maintenance to help them function at their best. This includes keeping them filled with water and changing the pad when needed. Most maintenance can be done by the owner, or a yearly service can be performed for about $100. If the cooler is located outdoors, a cover may be necessary during the cooler months. While the work is normally easy to do, swamp coolers are in want of more maintenance than air conditioners do.

As a consequence of the different ways they work, you can’t run a swamp cooler and a standard air conditioner in the same home. They would eliminate each other out, just like running a humidifier and a dehumidifier in the same place.

So, if you can only pick one, which one is satisfactory? The air conditioner or the swamp cooler?


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